Types of Crane Birds – Species, Groups, & Their Habitat

Last updated on December 24th, 2022 at 12:31 pm

The Crane bird has different meanings for different countries, cultures, and demographics. If we look at its symbolic value, meaning, affiliation, and connectivity, it keeps multiple options to define itself. Crane birds represent everlastingness, longevity, reasoning, and feminine influence.

It has so many other symbols attached with its name because of its living style, eating pattern, powers, and more. In this article, I’ll enable you to understand all about crane birds, their size, age, types, color, strengths, weaknesses, and all. Whatever the query you have about crane birds, you reached the right informative page to find the exact answers to all your questions.

The extensive body sizes long legs create a magical equation for a perfect vision and conception. So, let’s not roam around and head towards the table of contents before we take a look at the types of crane birds.

15 Types of Crane Birds

15 Types of Crane Birds

There can be more or fewer crane birds in some cultures and societies. Still, after conducting thorough research on the topic, my team and I concluded that the crane bird has 15 significant types based on colors, age, size, habitat, eating style, and other aspects. To know them in detail, let’s come down with my words.

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1) Eurasian Crane

Eurasian crane has the scientific name Grus. It is a beautiful bird with a long, heightened neck and body size of 120 to 130cm. If you live in Africa or Asia, you can easily spot this giant bird, also known as the common crane. It is called the common crane because of its convenient availability in the broader areas of Africa and Asia.

Eurasian Crane

Their weight can go up to 10 pounds, and the height of this common crane goes up to 4 feet, which is pretty impressive for a living object to be called a bird. It is one of the most influential and beautiful types of crane birds.

If we come to learn about where do common cranes live? The answer is Africa and Asia most probably. These birds are of minor concern by the IUSN, and their population is more than 600,000 in total. So, these are not birds with some serious issue with their breeding or existence. 

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2) Demoiselle Crane

The Demoiselle cranes are almost the same size as the black crowned and brown crowned cranes. The crane species are categorized on various aspects, and this one is unique when it comes to tenor weight; it’s only 6 pounds, which is quite strange. They usually live in Eurasia, near the Black Sea, China. 

Demoiselle Crane

These are almost 250000 total birds, and it is a pretty good number when it comes to their numbers. The size goes between 90 to 100 cm. The scientific name you can use to call them is Anthropoids Virgo. In Sudan, the Indian subcontinent, East Asia, and Ethiopia, you can find it. They are in the least concerned zone of IUCN.

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3) Sandhill Crane

When we observe crane birds, the Sandhill crane birds are super easiest to find in the USA, Cuba, Sudan, Ethiopia, etc. The size of these birds goes up to 90 to 120cm, and the population of these beautiful birds is more than 750,000 in total. The scientific Sandhill crane bird is Grus Canadensis. If we look at its insistence, there is no severe concern by IUCN shown in the recent reports. 

Sandhill Crane

If you live in North America and are looking for crane birds, the best option to go after is the Sandhill crane. You can also spot this supergiant bird in Nebraska and Siberia. These are safe birds, and there is no endangerment to its existence, as per the report of the IUCN. The total number of Sandhill Cranes is about 650,000, and it is a pretty good figure.

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4) Blue Crane

If you live in South Africa, you must be familiar with the blue crane there. It is the national bird of South Africa and does not have a massive population like other crane species. However, the population of this bird goes between 25000 to 30000 max, and the IUCN has declared it as one of the most vulnerable crane species in recently published reports.

Blue Crane

These are opposite the brown crane like birds, but their weight goes up to 11 pounds. The size of these birds can go up to 4 feet tall. Their plumage gives a bluish color which looks so amazing. These are not heavy blue, but keep lighter blue shades with vibrant whitish feathers. You can find them in South Africa and Namibia. 

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5) Siberian Crane

If you want to catch up with Siberian cranes, you can spot them in India, China, Pakistan, and other Asian countries. Their weight goes to 13 pounds, which is pretty heavier than other crane birds, and the size goes up to 5 feet long. The whole plumage is white, and you get to see some feathers with blackish shades, but when they fly only.

Siberian Crane

These crane birds travel a lot and fly for months and months from one country to another. Their powerful feature with super visionary eyes compels you to have the same power. For having so, you can go for an excellent pair of binoculars like the best compact binoculars under $100The total population is between 3000 to 4000 only. The IUCN has declared these birds are in serious endanger.

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6) Wattled Crane

It is one of the most attractive and more enormous size cranes globally. It has a height of 6 feet, and the weight goes up to 14 pounds. If you genuinely want to hunt a wild Wattled crane, you can find so many in the Sahara desert. It is the home of rough Wattled cranes. Like birds, these are sizeable white cranes, and tenor feathers keep darkish shades with a bright white neck.  

Wattled Crane

The scientific name of this bird is Bugeranus carunculatus, and the population of these birds is not more than 10000. The recent reports of IUCN have declared it as one of the cranes with the most vulnerable existence. So the presence of these alluring birds is in danger and a potential threat.

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7) Hooded Crane

If you look at the sides of this bird’s eye, you will get to see a bare patch, which is why it is called a Hooded crane. Their weight is about 8 pound only, and the height is up to 3 feet. The bare patch makes the beholder assume that it is wearing a hood.

Hooded Crane

You can find them easily in China, Russia, and Japan. However, their total population is between 15000 to 16000, making it a vulnerable species as per the stats of the IUCN. These are small black crane like birds with a size of 95 to 110cm. 

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8) Black Crowned Crane

Black Crowned Crane

The Black crowned crane types of crane birds with a beautiful black crown on their heads, and you can conveniently find them in the Sahara region of Africa. Their weight is also about 8 pounds max with a height of 3 feet like the hooded crane. Their total population is between 25000 to 45000, which is vulnerable according to the numbers of IUCN. 

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9) Whooping Crane

These are super special frame birds with a much endangered existence. Their total population is not more than 1000, which is catastrophic for this species.

Whooping Crane

When it comes to small crane like birds, the whooping crane birds are not merely assumed to fall in the category because their size goes up to 120 to 150cm. The crane bird has the highly endangered threat of its existence so far. 

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10) Grey Crowned Crane

Grey Crowned Crane

You can find grey crane like birds in eastern and softener Africa, and they have an impressive grey color crown on their heads. These birds eat insects and reptiles such as snakes. They can also eat plants and eggs. These are also on the list of endangered species with a total population of about 60000. Their body size is about 100 to 110cm. 

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11) Brolga Australian Crane

These birds are also known as Australian cranes, and you can find them in Australia and Guinea. These are the giant cranes in the world with more than 5 feet and 18 pounds weight. So when it comes to large crane like birds, these are the ones that can answer your question.

Brolga Australian Crane

The total population is between 70000 to 100000, which makes it the least concerning for IUCN. But over time, the population of the Brolga cranes is decreasing. It is because most names for a crane bird are after their place of living and colors like this one.

12) Sarus Crane

Sarus Crane

The Sarus cranes are one of the giant cranes, and they are so close to the biggest ones. Their size may go up to 6 feet with 15 pounds. If you go to southeastern Asia, you can find them easily. You can also find these types of crane birds in Australia. Moreover, it is one of the most vulnerable species, with several total 20000 Sarus cranes globally.

13) White Naped Crane

White Naped Crane

These aren’t the biggest, but a shorter one in the crane’s family with a height of 4 feet only. The white crane like birds is super easy to find in Russia, China, and Asia. A total of 5000 to 8000 White Naped cranes are left in the world, making it a purely threatened and endangered species. Furthermore, their body size goes up to 135cm, and the whitish line on their neck makes them more attractive and glamorous. 

14) Black Necked Crane

Black Necked Crane

The black crane like bird keeps weight 12 pounds with a height of 4 feet. But, still, they manage to be considered the most beautiful and visionary crane birds. You can use the best binoculars for wildlife viewing to see them with clarity and accuracy. The total population of these birds is about 10000, which is quite unusual. Therefore, the threat status of these birds is vulnerable.

15) Red-Crowned Crane

Red-Crowned Crane

Last but not least, the red crowned cranes, you can find them in Russia, Japan, and China. They migrate from one place to another due to harsh weather conditions. Tenor size goes up to 160cm, and the weight is about 17 pounds. You can also find types of crane birds in Korea. A total of 2000 red crowned cranes are left in the world, making them a highly endangered species so far.

Habitat of Crane Birds

Habitat of Crane Birds

This section will make a birds-eye view of the group of Crane Birds with the same habitat. All these 15 crane birds have different habitats with different eating patterns and groups. Some have unique crown colors, with long and shorter feathers. You can find most cranes in Africa, America, Siberia, Asia, China, Japan, Korea, Sahara Desert, Sudan, and Ethiopia. 

The diet plan of cranes changes as the weather changes, and they change the habitat due to the severity of the weather. They usually do not stick to one place and migrate from one continent. You can find them on all the continents except Antarctica. 

Suppose we have to define the crane like bird crossword clue, the birds with long legs with speckled plumage. They can take brisk flights for days. But, of course, if you want to see them flying, you need a good pair of binoculars; you can click on the best budget binoculars to have them. 



As a final thought, I would like to conclude that there are fifteen types of crane birds in the world, each having a different size, color, height, age, weight, and habitat. However, some look similar and have familiar feathers, legs, and feathers. You can find most crane birds in China, America, the Sahara Desert, Africa, Korea, Japan, and the Sub Continent.
The general size lies between 3 to 5 feet, and the weight goes up to 20 pounds max. The crane birds are superb at flying, and their vision power is unbeatable. You can match them by having a reliable visual partner with you.